The perfume and toilette difference explained
Major difference between eau de toilette and perfume and an eau de toilette has to do with the perfume concentration in each scent. Basically, an eau de parfum is a stronger perfume than an eau de toilette because its concentration of oils is higher. There can be a very subtle difference in the scent, but that is just because one has more or less ‘juice’ in alcohol; the actual [smell of the] ‘juice’ is the same. In a nutshell, a high fragrance concentration means there is a higher percentage of essential perfume oils and less alcohol.
The types of perfume
There are actually five different types of perfume: eau fraiche, eau de cologne, eau de toilette, eau de parfum and parfum.
Eau fraiche: An eau fraiche is the lightest concentration of fragrance. It has an oil concentration of one to three per cent. Due to its low alcohol concentration and high water content, it’s a great choice for sensitive skin.
Eau de cologne: Eau de cologne contains two to four per cent oil and generally fades within an hour or two. Cologne is the name most commonly given to men’s fragrances
Eau de toilette: An eau de toilette generally has five to 15 per cent oil and lingers for about three hours. It is one of the most popular fragrance choices because it lasts well and has a lower price point than an EDP or parfum.
Eau de parfum: Eau de parfum has 15 to 20 per cent oil and lasts up to five hours. They are another favourite fragrance choice. Most scents will come in an EDP and EDT variant.
Parfum: Parfum, also known as extrait de parfum, pure perfume or sometimes simply perfume (just to be confusing!), is the most concentrated scent. It contains 20 to 40 per cent oil and can last from six to eight hours. They are another good choice for sensitive skin types as they contain a low concentration of alcohol, and therefore are less likely to dry out skin.
Why is the price of an EDP vs EDT so different?
As eau de toilettes contain less perfume oils, you’ll find that their prices are usually a lot lower than that of an eau de parfum. Just keep in mind – since EDPs are more potent, you can get away with applying less; whereas an EDT may take a couple of spritzes to get your desired intensity.
How long does perfume last?
Not only does the concentration of fragrance affect the intensity, but it also impacts how long it will last. Since an eau de toilette is made with a smaller dose of perfume oils, it typically only lasts for a few hours. The top notes – the first scent released by a perfume – are dominant, making it refreshing when it is first applied, however due to the alcohol content it evaporates from the skin quite quickly. An eau de toilette is the perfect type of fragrance to use day to day, as the fragrance notes are less intense; even if you do go overboard, it’ll lighten up fairly quickly. An eau de parfum, on the other hand, lasts longer. Unlike an eau de toilette, after the top notes have faded, the middle notes or heart notes of an EDP become noticeable. Since it’s more intense than an eau de toilette, it’s a great option for a night-wear. Typically lighter concentrations are best suited for day-wear, and heavier concentrations are best worn at night.